Canada’s interactions with Asia have increased over the past few years. The government has described the Asian region as being full of new opportunities to expand Canada’s prosperity and as having immediate and profound implications for Canada. In the 2013 Throne Speech, the government committed itself to expanding trade with emerging markets in Asia through the Trans-Pacific Partnership, in addition to continued trade negotiations with countries including Japan, India and South Korea, with which the government has since completed a Free Trade Agreement.
During his trip to South Korea on March 11, 2014, Prime Minister Stephen Harper noted that much of the world’s economic growth over the next generation will be in Asia. The Canadian government has made Asia one of its top foreign policy priorities and an integral part of its trade agenda. Canada’s engagement in the region focuses on:
- Deepening relations with Asian partners
- Regional security
- Promoting Canadian values
Canada holds diplomatic and consular offices in 24 economies throughout Asia. In total, it has 18 High Commissions and Embassies, 23 Consulates and Consulate-Generals, 1 Trade Office located in Taiwan, and 2 Office of the Embassies in Cambodia and Laos. As well, Canada relies on 50 Trade Commissioner Service offices in 22 economies throughout Asia.
While Canada is not yet present in every country in the region, Canada and Australia share a consular services agreement. Australian diplomatic offices in countries without a Canadian office may supply citizen services to Canadians abroad, and vice-versa.
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In total, Canada has established close to 150 sister city agreements with Asia. Among Asian countries, Japan has the highest number of sister city relationships (78) followed by China (42) and South Korea (11).
Sister province agreements also exist between Canada and Asia. Alberta leads the way with three agreements and they also have the oldest agreement. Also noteworthy is the Port of Halifax’s sister port agreement with the Port of Shenzen located in China, which was signed in 2013.
Canada Export Trade Statistics 2000-2014
Canada Import Trade Statistics 2000-2014
Canada Immigration Statistics 2000-2014
Did You Know...
From 2000 to 2012, the top three countries for immigration were China,
India, and the Philippines, which together made up 35% of all immigrants
coming to Canada.